Directorate of Forensic Science Laboratories, Karnataka


Chemistry Section

Forensic Chemistry identifies the nature of the evidence brought from a crime scene. The section undertakes the examination of articles/ cases filed under IPC, Cr.P.C and with different acts like Explosive Act, Explosive Substances Act, Adulteration act, Essential Commodity (EC) Act, Dowry prohibition act, Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COPTA), Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO), Karnataka Excise (KE) Act, Wild life protection acts. The section undertakes various chemical examination & identification in the samples like Liquor, adulterated liquor, petroleum products and their residues, explosive substances, cracker compositions, acids, alkali, tobacco, noble metals, etc. The techniques and instrumentation chosen depend on the type of sample or substance to be examined. A wide array of laboratory techniques and instrumentation is used in forensic studies.
The fact that most samples examined are not pure substances, but are often mixed with dirt or debris, presents a major challenge to the analyst. The examination comprises of Qualitative and Quantitative methods by Chemical and Instrumentation methods. The section is equipped with all the essential high end equipments required for analysis. The officer visiting Crime scenes to assist and to collect evidence materials in a scientific method will be helpful in the investigation for the Investigating Officers (IO).